Borderline Personality Disorder

A borderline personality disorder is a mental disorder that impacts the way one looks at themselves and others. It causes varied moods and behaviours. The moods and actions seem normal to the person experiencing it but an onlooker sees the distress that it causes the individual. The instability caused by this disorder not only affects one’s daily functioning but also makes it difficult for one to complete school, hold on to a job or even have a stable, long-lasting relationship. People with a borderline personality disorder also have a skewed sense of their own identity.

Some of the other symptoms of this disorder are

Thoughts of causing self-harm like cutting oneself
Impulsive and self-destructive behaviour
Fear of abandonment
Unstable relationships both personally and at work
Sudden bursts of anger
Feeling of emptiness
Mood swings
Difficulty in trusting people

These symptoms vary in intensity and effect depending on the severity of one’s illness. A person will not necessarily experience all the above-mentioned symptoms but a combination of some of them and this might also vary depending on the situation. The symptoms of one person with a borderline personality disorder might be very different from another person with the same disorder. Borderline personality disorder can occur due to family history and also in people who have been in a trauma situation. This also occurs in people post the stage of puberty. The disorder is often diagnosed by a mental health professional during a conversation with the person experiencing discomfort. The doctor or psychologist also looks into one’s life, experiences and symptoms in detail to make a diagnosis. One of the most widely used treatments for a borderline personality disorder is psychotherapy. This involves multiple one-to-one sessions with a counsellor or mental health expert. The treatment also helps an individual in regaining their self-identity. Medication is usually not seen as the primary method of treatment.