Depression is a condition that negatively affects a person’s physical and mental wellbeing. It causes unusually low moods for prolonged periods of time. Depression occurs quite commonly and in people of different ages. It can even happen in childhood or early adolescence. Depression depending on its type also varies in severity. One of the most severe forms of depression is major depression also known as clinical depression or unipolar depression.
In clinical depression the concentration levels of an individual are affected negatively, one is constantly questioning decisions that they are is trying to take and also experiences the inability to be in control of things or affectively feel things. These symptoms occur for a prolonged period of time that extends 2 weeks.
Symptoms includeLowered mood
Lack of concentration & ability to make decisions
Feeling of fatigue or weakness
Feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and loneliness
Inability to sleep or oversleeping
Weight loss/gain due to extremely low or high consumption of food
Feeling of rejection
Unlike other forms of depression, clinical depression cannot be completely treated without medication. Some of the treatments include antidepressants, counselling or in extreme cases even ECT (Electro Convulsive Therapy) which involves a small amount of electric current to be passed through the brain which induces a slight seizure. At earlier stages, psychotherapy can be one of the options of treatment. One knows the treatment is working when they feel the reduced distress, start feeling lighter and more positive, start functioning more normally, and resume normal food and sleep patterns.