Depression & Anxiety

Anxiety & depression are two of the most commonly spoken about and experienced medical conditions. While both of these conditions are often referred to in place of the other, they have distinctly different symptoms and effects. This confusion exists because people with anxiety often develop depression and vice versa. It is important to understand the symptoms of both anxiety and depression.

Symptoms of Anxiety

Feeling of fear
Trouble in concentrating
Muscle tension
Being constantly worried
Getting fatigued easily
Heartbeat is racing
Trembling & Sweating
Hot or cold flushes

Anxiety is caused due to certain situations and mainly occurs during or in anticipation of an event. It isn’t a prolonged condition though it might occur regularly.

Symptoms of Depression

Lack of concentration
Overeating or lack of interest in food
Insomnia or hypersomnia
Lack of interest in otherwise pleasurable activities
Feeling of guilt or worthlessness
Lack of energy
Suicidal thoughts
Slowed down movement

People normally do experience these symptoms in their everyday life. But for it to be considered as depression a person must experience the same for over 2 weeks.

The conditions of anxiety & depression co-exist. A person is required to closely observe the symptoms to differentiate and then get treated accordingly. Depression can also be a result of the existence of an anxiety disorder earlier in one’s life. Both anxiety and depression also have some similarities that often make them difficult to differentiate like causing distress, the person being selective about social contact, problems with sleep and with concentration. The duration of existence also plays a role in the identification and differentiation of the two. While depression is constant, anxiety exists in certain situations or in the anticipation of the same. Depressed people look at situations with extremely low positivity and believe that things will stay the same. For a person that experiences both anxiety and depression, the situation worsens as they face more distress. The treatment for these conditions is through Depression counselling constant communication, psychotherapy, and medication depending on the severity.

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