Phobias & Types of Phobias

Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is a condition of persistent, unrealistic, excessive fear of a particular person, situation or object. Phobias are very common and their nature differs from person to person. Genetic & environmental factors can lead to the existence of a phobia in a person. People with incidents of trauma, substance abuse or depression are also known to develop phobias. The term phobia is used extensively and in different situations. This highlights the number of different phobias that exist. But phobias exist in 3 main types (recognized by the American Psychiatric Association - APA)

Specific Phobia

This occurs in the presence of a specific person, object or situation or in the anticipation of it.

Social Phobia (Social Anxiety)

Social phobia is the fear of facing humiliation or embarrassment in a public situation. People often avoid social situations, events or places where there are too many unknown people to interact with. Public speaking is one of the most common situations that cause a social phobia. It affects a person’s ability to be socially active and interact with other people. This also comes in the way of one’s interpersonal relationships.


This is the fear of being in alone in situations or in a space where escape might be difficult. It is experienced in places like a lift, public transport and in a crowded or open area. This fear can sometimes reach an extreme where a person might even avoid leaving their own house. Undergoing an expert person in online depression counselling will help you in gaining mental strength to overcome your phobias

People have phobias of water (hydrophobia), closed places (claustrophobia), fear of dirt & germs (mysophobia), fear of thunder and lightning (astraphobia), fear of heights (acrophobia), fear of blood (homophobia) and more. People with phobias are often aware that their fear is irrational but they still can’t do anything about it. Phobias are also sometimes a result of the incidents that one has experienced earlier in their life. One of the best treatments for phobia is exposure therapy. This involves slow but constant exposure of the individual to the person, object or situation that is causing the fear.