Phobias & Types of Phobias
Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is a condition of persistent, unrealistic, excessive fear of a particular person, situation or object. Phobias are very common and their nature differs from person to person. Genetic & environmental factors can lead to the existence of a phobia in a person. People with incidents of trauma, substance abuse or depression are also known to develop phobias. The term phobia is used extensively and in different situations. This highlights the number of different phobias that exist. But phobias exist in 3 main types (recognized by the American Psychiatric Association - APA)
Specific PhobiaThis occurs in the presence of a specific person, object or situation or in the anticipation of it.
Social Phobia (Social Anxiety)Social phobia is the fear of facing humiliation or embarrassment in a public situation. People often avoid social situations, events or places where there are too many unknown people to interact with. Public speaking is one of the most common situations that cause a social phobia. It affects a person’s ability to be socially active and interact with other people. This also comes in the way of one’s interpersonal relationships.
AgoraphobiaThis is the fear of being in alone in situations or in a space where escape might be difficult. It is experienced in places like a lift, public transport and in a crowded or open area. This fear can sometimes reach an extreme where a person might even avoid leaving their own house.