Social Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety is the feeling of fear and uneasiness a person experiences in an uncertain situation. Anxiety occurs due to various reasons like the first day at school/at work, an important meeting or even meeting someone new. When a social situation leads to anxiety it is termed as social anxiety. Social anxiety is seen as the fear of being embarrassed, humiliated or seen an inferior especially in a public space or a social gathering. This mainly causes the person to stay away from people and social situations.

Social anxiety can go to an extent to which it starts affecting a person’s basic social interaction to a large extent and hampers their daily functioning. It occurs for months together. This is when a person has a social anxiety disorder. The stress in social situations gets too much for the person to handle and it also causes a great amount of discomfort. People with a social anxiety disorder are often mistaken to be aloof, introvert and rude. This stops a person from being a part of the interactions that they actually might enjoy. The disorder makes one feel like the fear is out of their control.

Symptoms of social anxiety

Rigid body posture
Minimal eye contact
Sweaty palms
Tremble, shiver, and blush
Racing heartbeat
Feeling nauseous
Fear of being embarrassed
Minimal conversation or speaking in a very soft voice
Avoiding places & situations with too many people

Social anxiety disorder usually occurs in young adults and becomes a disorder due to lack of attention given to it and no steps taken towards treatment. Communication in such situations is a key factor. If the person communicates with a close, trusted person or a counsellor it will help them understand the social situations better and slowly overcome the fear too. Medication, psychotherapy and support groups are some of the most effective ways of treatment. Treatment mainly depends upon what about a social situation causes anxiety in the person.